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History and Significance of Runes

Runes are an ancient alphabetic script used by Germanic tribes for various purposes, including writing, divination, and magic. The earliest runic inscriptions date back to around 150 AD. The word "rune" itself means "mystery" or "secret" in Old Germanic languages, reflecting their enigmatic and mystical nature.

The most well-known runic alphabets are the Elder Futhark, the Younger Futhark, and the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc. The Elder Futhark, used from the 2nd to 8th centuries, consists of 24 runes and is the oldest form of the runic alphabets. The Younger Futhark, which evolved from the Elder Futhark around the 8th century, was simplified to 16 runes and used throughout the Viking Age. The Anglo-Saxon Futhorc expanded the Elder Futhark to include up to 33 runes and was used in England and Frisia.

Historically, runes were not only used for writing but also held magical and religious significance for the ancient Germanic peoples. They were believed to possess the power to invoke gods, protect warriors in battle, and predict the future. The use of runes in magic is well documented in various historical sources, including sagas and poems from the medieval period.

With the spread of Christianity, the use of runes for pagan practices declined, but they were still used for secular writing up until the 17th century in some parts of Scandinavia. Today, the study of runes is not only important for understanding the history and culture of ancient Germanic peoples but also plays a significant role in modern esoteric practices and neo-pagan religions, where they are used for divination and as a symbol of cultural heritage.

Runes are commonly used for:

Aspects of Runes

For a deeper exploration into the world of runes, consider delving into the following enriching and insightful topics:

Further Reading